D.O. NAVARRA


D.O. Navarra is divided into five distinct winemaking subzones: Ribera Baja, Ribera Alta, Tierra Estella, Valdizarbe, and Baja Montaña and is governed by a Consejo Regulador based in the historic village of Olite.

ribera_bajaRibera Baja
Location
Southern tip of Navarra, inside the arid Ebro basin between Aragón and La Rioja. Main town: Tudela.
Landscape
Flat river plain with sparse vegetation, dominated by the imposing presence of the Sierra del Moncayo range to the southwest. Areas with most fertile soils populated by small, predominantly family-owned vegetable farms.
Surface area
3,350 hectares.
Main varieties grown
Among red varieties, Tempranillo is the dominant grape (40%) followed by Garnacha (30%). As for whites, Ribera Baja boasts the largest concentration of Viura and Moscatel in the region.
Soils
Vineyards sit atop different levels of Quaternary terraces and sedimentary effluvia deposited by the Ebro River and its right-bank tributaries. Vineyards in the flatlands are composed of deep, loamy, often rocky soils. On the higher terraces, like the Montes de Cierzo, the limestone bedrock rises up just to below the surface The gentle slopes of the southernmost vineyards in Ribera Baja are dominated by the Moncayo range, their topsoils of varying thickness and particle size, with layers of fine or silty loam alternating with marl and sand.
Climate
Semi-arid and quite homogeneous. Set within a deep river basin open to the east, Ribera Baja is primarily under the sway of the hot, dry influence of the Mediterranean Sea. The growing season for vines, the longest in the D.O., ranges from 227 days in Fitero to 255 in Tudela.
Principal winemaking municipalities
Ablitas, Arguedas, Barillas, Cascante, Castejón, Cintruénigo, Corella, Fitero, Monteagudo, Murchante, Tudela, Tulebras and Valtierra.

ribera_altaRibera Alta
Location
Situated along Navarra’s midsection, in a transitional belt between north and south, with an important concentration of wine-growing centered around the historical town of Olite. Main town: Tafalla.
Landscape
An area of gentle relief in the north, and around the river Ega, gradually flattens out towards the south, where the landscape alternates between vineyards and cereal plantings.
Surface area
4,125 hectares.
Main varieties grown
Tempranillo is predominant, plus a wide range of other red varieties, notably Graciano. As for whites, this subzone has the highest concentration of Chardonnay in the region, with a small amount of Moscatel de Grano Menudo.
Soils
Ribera Alta comprises a mixture of soils, depending on elevation and substrata composition. On most slopes, soil depth and particle size vary, with layers of fine or silty loam alternating with marl and sand, except in certain areas of Cárcar, Sesma, Lerín and Falces, where vineyards sit atop shallow, loamy-clay soils with marked calcareous content. As in other subzones, vineyards are found on different levels of Quaternary alluvial terraces deposited by the Rivers Ega, Arga, Cidacos and Aragón, frequently with loamy and rocky component, which provide excellent drainage. On the highest terraces, such as Monplanet in Olite or the Saso of Santacara, limestone bedrock rises to a very shallow depth.
Climate
A transitional zone between a semi-arid south area and a dry north. Climatic transitions are very gradual, as its relief is somewhat flat. Far from the influences of the Atlantic and the Pyrenees, Ribera Alta is typically warmer than its three neighboring subzones to the north. The growing season for vineyards varies between 234 days in Olite and 259 in Mélida.
Principal winemaking municipalities
Artajona, Beire, Berbinzana, Cadreita, Caparroso, Cárcar, Carcastillo, Falces, Funes, Larraga, Lerín, Lodosa, Marcilla, Mélida, Milagro, Miranda de Arga, Murillo el Cuende, Murillo el Fruto, Olite, Peralta, Pitillas, Sansoain, Santacara, Sesma, Tafalla and Villafranca.

tierra_estellaTierra Estella
Location
A crescent of land in western Navarra, along the Camino de Santiago, bordering the Basque Country and La Rioja. Main town: Estella.
Landscape
Bisected by the river Ega and bounded to the north by the Sierra de Urbasa, the pronounced mountainous relief of the north gradually evens out in the south where vineyards intermingle with olive and cereal plantings. Significant differences in both altitude and orientation.
Surface area
1,800 hectares.
Main varieties grown
For red wine varieties, of particular note is the Tempranillo (almost 50% of the total), followed by Cabernet Sauvignon (20%); for whites, Chardonnay is the most prominent variety.
Soils
The zone comprises a mixture of soils, depending on elevation and substrata composition. On the slopes of Estella and Lorca, deep, heavy clay soils lie on multi-colored marls formed during the Triassic period. On the remaining, markedly undulating slopes, soil thickness and texture vary, with some areas showing a significant distribution of iron-rich, red deposits. Finally, on the alluvial valley floors and on the remains of the terraces of the Rivers Ega, Iranzu and Odrón, and on the glacis of Montejurra, vineyards are situated in relatively flat areas with excellent drainage, deep loamy soils, often with a high percentage of gravel.
Climate
Tierra Estella borders the sub-humid zone of the north and the exceedingly dry zone of the south, with significant Atlantic influence filtered somewhat by the Urbasa and Andia Sierras, with vineyards ideally located in in areas of optimal exposure to the sun. In keeping with the differences in altitude and orientation, vineyard growing seasons range between 206 days in Estella to 224 in Alloz.
Principal winemaking municipalities
Aberin, Allo, Arellano, Armañanzas, Arróniz, Ayegui, Barbarin, Dicastillo, Desojo, El Busto, Espronceda, Estella, Igúzquiza, Lazagurría, Los Arcos, Luquin, Mendaza, Morentin, Murieta, Oteíza de la Solana, Sansol, Torralba del Río, Torres del Río, Valle de Yerri, Villamayor de Monjardín and Villatuerta, in addition to communities of grazing land of Cogullo Alto, Cogullo Bajo, Sarmindieta and Chandivar.

valdizarbeValdizarbe
Location
In central Navarra, just south of the Pamplona basin, constituting the nerve center of the Camino de Santiago through Navarra, where the Main Way merges with the Aragonese Way at the Romanesque Puente La Reina bridge. Main town: Puente La Reina.
Landscape
Bordered on the west by the spurs of the Sierra de Andía and, to the north, by the Sierra del Perdón, most of the Valdizarbe subzone runs alongside the Arga River, forming a landscape of gentle hills and valleys.
Surface area
920 hectares.
Main varieties grown
Among red varieties, Tempranillo, Garnacha, Cabernet and Merlot all occupy similar surface areas, with some Chardonnay and Malvasía.
Soils
Similar to those of Baja Montaña: a mixture of soils, depending on elevation and substrata composition. In the northernmost area, soils are of a varying depth, largely free of stones, and heavily textured atop the grey marls of the marine Eocene period in the basin of Pamplona. On the remaining slopes, soil depth and particle size vary, with layers of fine or silty loam alternating with marl and sand, and some areas showing a significant distribution of iron-rich, red deposits. Vineyards on alluvial valley floors–and on the remains of the Arga and Salado River terraces and of the Sierra del Perdón glacis–are practically flat, with no drainage problems and deep, loamy, frequently stony soils.
Climate
Valdizarbe forms the northern boundary of D.O. Navarra’s vineyards and is the most humid and verdant. As in Tierra Estella, the northern Sierras limit Atlantic influence somewhat and vineyards tend to occupy the sunniest exposures. Vineyard growing seasons range between 203 days in Otazu to 227 days in Puente la Reina.
Principal winemaking municipalities
Adiós, Añorbe, Artazu, Barásoain, Biurrun, Cirauqui, Echauri, Enériz, Garínoain, Guirguillano, Legarda, Leoz, Mañeru, Mendigorría, Muruzábal.

baja_montanaBaja montaña
Location
East-central Navarra, bordering Aragon. Main town: Sangüesa.
Landscape
A zone marked by a pronounced relief and abundant mountain scrub. The few areas of cultivable land are dominated by vineyards.
Surface area
1,520 hectares.
Main varieties grown
Practically only red wine varieties, principally Garnacha (more than 60%) and Tempranillo (25%)
Soils
A mixture of soils, depending on elevation and substrata composition. In the northernmost area, soils are of a varying depth, largely free of stones, and heavily textured atop the grey marls of the marine Eocene period in the Lumbier basin. On the remaining slopes, soil depth and particle size vary, with layers of fine or silty loam alternating with marl and sand. Vineyards on alluvial valley floors–and on the remains of the alluvial terraces of the Irati and Aragon rivers–are frequently characterised by abundant round gravel and deep, loamy soils with excellent drainage.
Climate
This zone is located between the sub-humid zone to the north and the high, dry zone to the south. As a result of the differences in altitude, the growing season for vineyards ranges between 205 days in Lerga and 234 in San Martín de Unx. Of the D.O.’s five subzones, Baja Montaña experiences the most Continental influence, by way of the Pyrenees.
Principal winemaking municipalities
Aibar, Cáseda, Eslava, Ezprogui, Gallipienzo, Javier, Leache, Lerga, Liédena, Lumbier, Sada, Sangüesa, San Martín de Unx, Ujué and the Councils of Arboniés and Domeño in the Romanzado Valley and the Councils of Rípodas, San Vicente and Tabar in the Urraul Bajo Valley.